HACCP as an International Trade Standard

Caswell, J.A. and Hooker, N.H. (1996) HACCP as an International Trade Standard. American Journal of Agricultural Economics, 78 (3). pp. 775-779.

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The widening international use of Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) approaches by regulators and industry should facilitate trade of food products as countries and companies adopt roughly similar food safety assurance systems. First and foremost, however, adoption of HACCP principles is motivated by a desire to improve food safety, particularly by the control of food-borne pathogens, in a manner that passes benefit-cost or market tests. For regulators, trade facilitation is an important but often clearly secondary goal of HACCP adoption. That it is part of the goal set is due in part to recent trade agreements that seek to limit nontariff barriers to trade arising from food safety (sanitary and phytosanitary') regulations. The pressure to reduce these barriers has led to a focus on HACCP adoption as a vehicle for reconciling regulations across countries through various means of regulatory rapprochement. This goal hierarchy, with improved safety first and trade facilitation second, is useful in explaining the likely operation of HACCP as an international trade standard in the next decade.2

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This research is funded by USDA National Research Initiative Competitive Grant # 95-37400-1816 to the University of Massachusetts.
Author Affiliation: Department of Resource Economics at the University of Massachusetts.
Subjects: Social Sciences > Agricultural Economics
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2013 11:06
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2013 11:06
Official URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/1243303
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/10090

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