Pedigreed Natural Crossing to Identify Peanut Testa Genotypes

Hammons, R.O. and Branch, W.D. (1982) Pedigreed Natural Crossing to Identify Peanut Testa Genotypes. Peanut Science, 9 (2). pp. 90-93.

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Pedigreed natural crossing to produce marker-identified hybrids for specific uses has been exploited in USDA-ARS/Georgia cooperative peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) germplasm enhancement projects since the discovery in 1959 of suitable genetic markers. The principal advantages of natural hybridization using dominant alternative alleles to identify the outcrosses are that (1) the production of F1 hybrid plants is not dependent upon conventional manual emasculation, (2) the identification and harvest of plants exhibiting the markers can be performed by semiskilled workers, and (3) the procedure is more economical than the standard crossing method. We utilized pedigreed natural crosses to screen an extensive sample of white-testa peanut phenotypes from the world gene pool for the five-loci recessive genotype, r1 r1 f1 f1 f2 f2 d1 d1 d2 d2. Four accessions, ‘Spanwhite”, P. I. 299468, P. I. 408730, and P. I. 306228, were found to be recessive at all five of the loci which condition testa color. F2 populations from marker-identified natural crosses of each of these lines to a tester genotype which was homozygously dominant at four of the testa-color loci fit the ratio of 225 tan:31 white expected from the cross of these genotypes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: SNNigam Collection
Uncontrolled Keywords: Arachis hypogaea L, Duplicate alleles, Flavonoid, Genetic marker, Genetic ratio 225:31, Groundnut, Outcrossing, Peanut flour, Qualitative inheritance, Seedcoat color
Author Affiliation: Supervisory research geneticist, ARS-USDA, and assistant geneticist, Department of Agronomy.
Subjects: Statistics and Experimentation
Crop Improvement
Divisions: Groundnut
Depositing User: Mr Balakrishna Garadasu
Date Deposited: 17 Apr 2013 10:52
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2013 10:52
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