Hunting: A serious and understudied threat in India, a globally significant conservation region

Velho, N. and Karanthc, K.K. and Laurancea, W.F. (2012) Hunting: A serious and understudied threat in India, a globally significant conservation region. Biological Conservation, 148 (1). pp. 210-215.

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Hunting is one of the greatest conservation challenges facing tropical wildlife. Wildlife in Indian tropical forests are vulnerable to hunting, although data on hunting impacts from the region are limited. We use a meta-analysis of 143 hunting studies from India to identify the species and geographic regions most at risk, and to assess their legal protection. We found evidence of hunting in 114 mammal species, with larger-bodied mammals being particularly vulnerable. Although 75% of all studies focused on mammals, few actually quantified hunting impacts. Further, among studies of all terrestrial vertebrates where hunting was mentioned, only 6% focused exclusively on hunting. With further research, we expect that the suite of species known to be exploited by hunters will increase. We conclude that the Eastern Himalaya and Indo-Myanmar biodiversity-hotspot complex is particularly vulnerable to hunting. Quantitative studies of hunting impacts are urgently needed across India, especially in this biodiversity-hotspot complex.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: We thank A. Ramachandra for preparing Fig. 1, and Z. Gonsalves, L. Velho, A. Bhasker and U. Srinivasan for their help and comments on the manuscript.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Arunachal Pradesh, Bushmeat, Hotspot, Himalayas, Hunting, India, Poaching, Western Ghats, Wildlife
Author Affiliation: Centre for Tropical Environmental and Sustainability Science (TESS) and School of Marine and Tropical Biology, Australia National Centre for Biological Sciences, India Centre for Wildlife Studies, India Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, USA
Subjects: Animal Husbandary
Social Sciences
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Mr Arbind Seth
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2013 10:13
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2013 10:13
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