Estimating Hydrogen Cyanide in Forage Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy

Fox, G.P. and O’Donnell, N.H. and Stewart, P.N. and et al, . (2012) Estimating Hydrogen Cyanide in Forage Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) by Near-Infrared Spectroscopy. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 60 (24). pp. 6183-6187.

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Hydrogen cyanide (HCN) is a toxic chemical that can potentially cause mild to severe reactions in animals when grazing forage sorghum. Developing technologies to monitor the level of HCN in the growing crop would benefit graziers, so that they can move cattle into paddocks with acceptable levels of HCN. In this study, we developed near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) calibrations to estimate HCN in forage sorghum and hay. The full spectral NIRS range (400–2498 nm) was used as well as specific spectral ranges within the full spectral range, i.e., visible (400–750 nm), shortwave (800–1100 nm) and near-infrared (NIR) (1100–2498 nm). Using the full spectrum approach and partial least-squares (PLS), the calibration produced a coefficient of determination (R2) = 0.838 and standard error of cross-validation (SECV) = 0.040%, while the validation set had a R2 = 0.824 with a low standard error of prediction (SEP = 0.047%). When using a multiple linear regression (MLR) approach, the best model (NIR spectra) produced a R2 = 0.847 and standard error of calibration (SEC) = 0.050% and a R2 = 0.829 and SEP = 0.057% for the validation set. The MLR models built from these spectral regions all used nine wavelengths. Two specific wavelengths 2034 and 2458 nm were of interest, with the former associated with C═O carbonyl stretch and the latter associated with C–N–C stretching. The most accurate PLS and MLR models produced a ratio of standard error of prediction to standard deviation of 3.4 and 3.0, respectively, suggesting that the calibrations could be used for screening breeding material. The results indicated that it should be feasible to develop calibrations using PLS or MLR models for a number of users, including breeding programs to screen for genotypes with low HCN, as well as graziers to monitor crop status to help with grazing efficiency.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dhurrin; feed quality; hydrogen cyanide; NIRS; wavelengths
Author Affiliation: Centre for Nutrition and Food Science, Queensland Alliance for Agriculture and Food Innovation, The University of Queensland, Toowoomba, Queensland 4350, Australia
Subjects: Animal Husbandary > Live Stock
Postharvest Management > Food Technology
Divisions: Sorghum
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2013 08:46
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2013 08:46
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