Mapping of QTLs for phosphorus-deficiency tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.)

Wissuwa, M. and Yano, M. and Ae , N. (1998) Mapping of QTLs for phosphorus-deficiency tolerance in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Theoretical and Applied Genetics , 97 (5-6). pp. 777-783.

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Phosphorus (P) deficiency of soils is a major yield-limiting factor in rice production. Increasing the P-deficiency tolerance of rice cultivars may represent a more cost-effective solution than relying on fertilizer application. The objective of this study was to identify putative QTLs for P-deficiency tolerance in rice, using 98 backcross inbred lines derived from a japonica×indica cross and genotyped at 245 RFLP marker loci. Lines were grown on P-deficient soil and P uptake, internal P-use efficiency, dry weight, and tiller number were determined. Three QTLs were identified for dry weight and four QTLs for P uptake, together explaining 45.4% and 54.5% of the variation for the respective traits. Peaks for both traits were in good agreement which was to be expected considering the tight correlation of r=0.96 between dry weight and P uptake. For both traits the QTL linked to marker C443 on chromosome 12 had a major effect. Two of the three QTLs detected for internal P-use efficiency, including the major one on chromosome 12, coincided with QTLs for P uptake; however, whereas indica alleles increased P uptake they reduced P-use efficiency. We concluded that this was not due to the tight linkage of two genes in repulsion but rather due to an indirect effect of P uptake on P-use efficiency. Most lines with high use efficiency were characterized by very low P uptake and dry weight and apparently experienced extreme P-deficiency stress. Their higher P-use efficiency was thus the result of highly sub-optimal tissue-P concentrations and did not represent a positive adaptation to low P availability. The number of tillers produced under P deficiency is viewed as an indirect indicator of P-deficiency tolerance in rice. In addition to the major QTL on chromosome 12 already identified for all other traits, two QTLs on chromosome 4 and 12 were identified for tiller number. Their position, however, coincided with QTLs for tiller number reported elsewhere under P-sufficient conditions and therefore appear to be not related to P-deficiency tolerance. In this study P-deficiency tolerance was mainly caused by differences in P uptake and not in P-use efficiency. Using a trait indirectly related to P-deficiency tolerance such as tiller number, we detected a major QTL but none of the minor QTLs detected for P uptake or dry weight

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Rice, QTL, Phosphorus Use efficiency, Deficiency tolerance
Author Affiliation: National Institute of Agro-Environmental Sciences, 3-1-1 Kannondai, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305, Japan
Subjects: Plant Protection
Divisions: Other Crops
Depositing User: Mr B Krishnamurthy
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2013 10:50
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2013 10:50
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