Optimal environments for yield testing

Allen, F.L. and Comstock, R.E. and Rasmusson, D.C. (1978) Optimal environments for yield testing. Crop Science, 18 (5). pp. 747-751.

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to ICRISAT researchers only


This research was undertaken to obtain information about the type of yield trial environment that will foster maximum progress from selection. Theory and parameter estimates from five crops that are relevant to the question of the optimum nursery environment for yield testing are reported. The five crop species were barley, Hordeum vulgare L.; wheat, Triticum aestivum L.; oats, Avena sativa L.; soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr.; and flax, Linum usitatissimum L. Analyses of variance of yield data (a separate analysis for each year and location) reconstructed from information in the annual reports of Uniform Nursery Trials were the sources of our parameter estimates. We defined y as the value of a genotype relative to a test environment, y as the value of a genotype relative to the entire population of environments in which a selected genotype would be used, and H as σ2y/(σ2y + σ2e/n) where σ2y is the variance of y, σ2e, is plot error variance and n is the number of replications in the field trial comparison used as the basis for selection. We then found the proper measure of test environment value to be r√H where r is the correlation between y and y. This is because r√H reflects genotype ✕ environment interaction as well as ✕2e and n, appropriately. The single environment variance analyses available to us provided estimates of ✕2y and ✕2e but not of r. In general, both ✕2y and ✕2e were larger when the nursery yield level was higher. Estimates of √H from the data of low, intermediate and high yielding trials were not greatly different. The indicated advantage (given n = 3) of favorable (high yield) environments over intermediate environments were 4% and 7% for wheat and soybeans, respectively, but in the case of barley, oats and flax, there were no indications that high yield environments were superior. Our results indicate that if any class of environments is eventually established as substantially superior for testing purposes, it will be because the correlation between y and y is comparatively high for that class of environments.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: SNNigam Collection
Uncontrolled Keywords: Arena saliva L., Glycine max (L.) Merr., Hordeum vulgate L., Triticum aestivum L., Linum ustitatissimum L., Selection, Genotype X environment Interactions
Author Affiliation: Department of Agronomy & Plant Genetics, Minn. Univ., St. Paul, USA.
Subjects: Plant Production
Statistics and Experimentation
Environmental Science
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Mr B Krishnamurthy
Date Deposited: 22 Apr 2013 10:29
Last Modified: 22 Apr 2013 10:29
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1978.0011183X0018...
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/10339

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item