Molecular analysis of Arachis interspecific hybrids

Garcia,, G.M. and Tallury, S.P. and Stalker, H.T. and Kochert, G. (2006) Molecular analysis of Arachis interspecific hybrids. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 112 (7). pp. 1342-1348.

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Incorporation of genetic resistance against several biotic stresses that plague cultivated peanut, Arachis hypogaea (2n=4x=40), is an ideal option to develop disease resistant and ecologically safe peanut varieties. The primary gene pool of peanut contains many diploid wild species (2n=2x=20) of Arachis, which have high levels of disease and insect resistances. However, transfer of resistant genes from these species into A. hypogaea is difficult due to ploidy level differences and genomic incompatibilities. This study was conducted to monitor alien germplasm transmission, using Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers, from two diploid wild species, A. cardenasii and A. batizocoi, into A. hypogaea. Triploid interspecific hybrids were produced by crossing two A. hypogaea cultivars (NC 6 and Argentine) with the two species and by colchicine-treating vegetative meristems, fertility was restored at the hexaploid (Co) level in the four hybrids. Hexaploids were allowed to self-pollinate for four generations, each referred to as a cycle (C1, C2, C3, and C4). At each cycle, a backcross was made with the respective A. hypogaea cultivar as the maternal parent and only lineages tracing back to a single hexaploid hybrid were used for RAPD analysis. Analysis of mapped, species-specific RAPD markers in BC1F1 to BC1F3 hybrids indicated that alien germplasm retention decreased every generation of inbreeding, especially in Argentine and in A. batizocoi crosses. A similar trend was also observed for every cycle in BC1F2 and BC1F3 families, possibly, due to the loss of alien chromosomes following selfing of hexaploids. RAPD marker analysis of 40–chromosome interspecific hybrid derivatives from the four crosses supported previous reports that reciprocal recombination and/or translocations are the predominant mechanisms for exchange of chromosomal segments. No evidence was found for preferential transfer of alien chromosomal regions to specific linkage groups. The implications for developing disease resistant peanut breeding lines are discussed in light of these findings.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: SNNigam Collection
Uncontrolled Keywords: Peanut, Arachis, Hybrids
Author Affiliation: Department of Crop Science, North Carolina State University, USA
Subjects: Crop Improvement
Divisions: Groundnut
Depositing User: Mr Arbind Seth
Date Deposited: 26 Apr 2013 04:58
Last Modified: 26 Apr 2013 04:58
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