Physiological traits for crop yield improvement in low N and P environments

Sinclair, T.R. and Vadez, V. (2002) Physiological traits for crop yield improvement in low N and P environments. Plant and Soil, 245 (1). pp. 1-15.

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Nitrogen and phosphorus are recognized as essential elements in crop production, but the full extent of the requirement for these elements in the physiological processes leading to crop growth seems not to be always fully appreciated. Virtually all the biochemical compounds in plants that support development and growth contain N and/or P. Deficiencies in either element lead to a lost ability for plant growth such that there is a quantitative relationship between crop yield and accumulation by plants of each of these elements. Few options appear to exist to greatly diminish the requirement for either element in crop growth and the formation of seed yield. Consequently, crop yields cannot be increased without increased acquisition of N and P by plants. If the soil environment does not offer these elements, then crop yield will necessarily be restricted. While little opportunity exists to increase N recovery under low nutrient environments, several options can be investigated for increasing P accumulation by the crop. Ultimately, however, the rigid limitation on yields of inadequate N means that without external supplies of N for the cropping system, biological fixation of N must be enhanced to increase N input. In particular, it appears that considerable research needs to be focused on whole-plant processes in legumes that lead to enhanced symbiotic N fixation. A critical aspect of increased legume production will be improved management of P to allow legumes to achieve high N fixation rates and yields.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: legume, nitrogen, nutrient uptake, phosphorus, yield limits
Author Affiliation: USDA- Agricultural Research Service and Agronomy Department, University of Florida, P.O. Box 110965, Gainesville, Florida, 32611-0965, USA
Subjects: Crop Improvement
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 09 May 2013 03:46
Last Modified: 09 May 2013 03:49
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