Susceptibility of Peanut Leaves to Cercosporidium personatum

Cook, M. (1981) Susceptibility of Peanut Leaves to Cercosporidium personatum. Phytopathology, 71. pp. 787-791.

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Germination of Cercosporidium personatum conidia did not differ on the leaves of 12 peanut cultivars that were investigated. Although abaxial leaf surfaces retained more conidia and subsequently had more penetration of stomata by germ tubes than did adaxial surfaces, the resulting leaf spot density did not differ. There were indications of a hydrotropic response in stomatal penetration. Variations in stomatal density and stomatal length were not related to resistance to infection. The leaves of peanut plant introductions PI 259747 and PI 341879, both highly resistant to C. personatum, showed a positive regression of leaf spot density on leaf age. A necrotic-type defense reaction appeared to be operative. The leaves of the 10 other cultivars, ranging from highly resistant to highly susceptible to C. personatum, displayed a differential susceptibility to infection related to leaf size; regardless of leaf or plant age, a positive regression of leaf spot density on leaflet area was demonstrated for each of these cultivars. Knowledge of the variation in leaf susceptibility both within and between cultivars enabled standardization in leaf sampling during preliminary screening for resistance to leaf spot caused by C. personatum.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: SNNigam Collection
Uncontrolled Keywords: Arachis hypogaea, Cercospora arachidicola, leaf wettability
Author Affiliation: Former graduate student, University of the West Indies.
Subjects: Crop Improvement
Depositing User: Mr Balakrishna Garadasu
Date Deposited: 14 May 2013 06:04
Last Modified: 14 May 2013 06:04
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