Azadirachtin-based insecticides induce alteration in Helicoverpa armigera Hub. head polypeptides

Neoliya, N.K. and Singh, D. and Sangwan, R.S. (2007) Azadirachtin-based insecticides induce alteration in Helicoverpa armigera Hub. head polypeptides. Current Science, 92 (1). pp. 94-99.

| Preview


Azadirachtin, obtained from the seed kernel of Indian neem (Azadirachta indica), is a plant-based insecticide for field-crop applications. Helicoverpa armigera (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) is one of the most destructive and highly polyphagous insect pests of field crops and has developed resistance against most of the modern classes of synthetic insecticides worldwide. The ultimate instars of H. armigera larvae treated topically with 10 ppm of the azadirachtin-rich neem formulations, Achook, Nimbicidine and Neem Jeevan, were found to significantly reduce total head protein after 0, 24, 48 and 72 h of treatment application over control. Achook in 24 h and Neem Jeevan in 48 and 72 h exhibited significantly reduced protein level compared to Nimbicidine and control. Azadirachtin applied by injection method in third instar larvae significantly reduced protein level at higher dose (5 µl). Similar trend was found in larvae of fourth instar. Diet mixed with different azadirachtin-based formulations and fed to fourth instar larvae of H. armigera also significantly reduced protein level. The experimental results also indicated that serial dilutions of both azadirachtin and Nimbicidine resulted in significant negative response to various doses by injection and diet-fed method, respectively. SDS-PAGE analysis of proteins showed that azadirachtin suppressed 22, 26, 40 and 56 kDa head polypeptides in various treatments. However, haemolymph injection of azadirachtin (10 ppm) into third and fourth instar larvae of H. armigera reduced the total head protein level below that of control larvae and altered the polypeptide pattern. Alteration in SDS polypeptide pattern was also observed with different modes of application in a dose-dependent fashion

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: Crop Protection Division, Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, P.O. CIMAP, Lucknow 226 015, India
Subjects: Plant Protection
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Ms K Syamalamba
Date Deposited: 27 May 2013 04:49
Last Modified: 27 May 2013 04:49
Official URL:

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item