Joint production and consumption in traditional households: fuelwood and crop residues in two districts in Nepal

Amacher, G.S. and Hyde, W.F. and Joshee, B.R. (1993) Joint production and consumption in traditional households: fuelwood and crop residues in two districts in Nepal. Journal of Development Studies, 30 (1). pp. 206-225.

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Forest conversion by agricultural households is the leading cause of deforestation. Little is known about agricultural household use of forest and tree products. This paper examines household production of and demand for fuelwood and fuel substitutes in two districts of Nepal. Women play a larger role in collection in the district dependent on production from common forest lands while men and agricultural capital are more important inputs in the district dependant on production from private lands. Demand elasticities for fuelwood, combustible agricultural residues and improved stoves are also measured, each by household income group. All price and income demand elasticities are less than one. Residues are more important substitutes for low income households and improved stoves are more important substitutes for high income households. Consumption evidence shows that both fuelwood and combustible crop residues tend to be inferior goods. There are favourable implications for Nepal's environment as household incomes grow, with more households converting from residues to fuelwood, eventually growing their own fuelwood. Meanwhile, non-agricultural households will convert to substitute fuels and fuel technologies. This suggests that forestry development activities will be most important for Nepal now, in the period before development proceeds far, and before traditional demands on the forest environment change.

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: Forestry Department, VPISU, Blackburg, Virginia, USA.
Subjects: Social Sciences
Environmental Science > Natural Resources
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Mr Balakrishna Garadasu
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2013 11:40
Last Modified: 05 Jun 2013 11:40
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