Influence of soil temperature on seedling emergence and early growth of peanut cultivars in field conditions

Prasad, P.V.V. and Boote, K.J. and Thomas, J.M.G and et al, . (2006) Influence of soil temperature on seedling emergence and early growth of peanut cultivars in field conditions. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Science, 192 (3). pp. 168-177.

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Peanut or groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) sown in early spring often has poor seed germination and seedling development. The influence of soil temperature on seedling emergence and early growth of six peanut cultivars (Florida MDR98, Southern Runner, Georgia Green, SunOleic 97R, Florunner and C-99R) was studied in natural field soil profiles in temperature-gradient greenhouses. We evaluated the influence of a range of soil temperatures by sowing at eight dates between January 2001 and May 2002 in Gainesville, Florida. On each sowing date, two additional temperature treatments (ambient and ambient +4.5°C air temperature) were evaluated by sowing on either end of each greenhouse and applying differential heating. In total, 16 different soil temperature treatments were evaluated. Each treatment was replicated four times in four different greenhouses. Mean soil temperature from sowing to final emergence in different treatments ranged from 15 to 32°C. Sowing date, temperature treatment and cultivar had significant effect on seedling emergence and development (V2 stage). For all cultivars, the lowest germination was observed at the earliest sowing date (coolest soil temperature). Among cultivars, Florida MDR98 was the most sensitive to reduced (cool) temperature with the lowest germination and smallest seedling size at 21 days after sowing, followed by Southern Runner. Georgia Green was the most cold-tolerant with the highest germination, followed by SunOleic 97R. There were no significant differences among cultivars for base temperature, which averaged 11.7 and 9.8°C for rate of emergence and rate of development to V2 stage respectively. These results imply that cultivar choice and/or genetic improvement of peanut for cold tolerance during emergence and seedling development in regions where cooler soil temperatures persist and/or regions where early sowing is desirable

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: SNNigam Collection
Author Affiliation: Department of Agronomy, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611-0500, USA
Subjects: Atmosperic Science > Climatology
Plant Production
Crop Improvement
Divisions: Groundnut
Depositing User: Mr B Krishnamurthy
Date Deposited: 08 Jul 2013 13:19
Last Modified: 08 Jul 2013 13:19
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