Yield performance and pest resistance among peanut genotypes when grown without fungicides or insecticides

Branch, W.D. and Culbreath, A.K. (2013) Yield performance and pest resistance among peanut genotypes when grown without fungicides or insecticides. Crop Protection, 52. pp. 22-25.

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Yield trials without fungicides or insecticides were conducted four consecutive years (2007–10) at the University of Georgia, Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton Campus to evaluate for peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) pest resistance. The most endemic diseases in the southeast U.S. are tomato spotted wilt (TSW) caused by Tomato spotted wilt virus, white mold (WM) caused by Sclerotium rolfsii Sacc, and both early and late leaf spot caused by Cercospora arachidicola Hori and Cercosporidium personatum (Berk & Curt.) Deighton, respectively. The most endemic insects are tobacco thrips (Frankliniella fusca Hinds) and potato leafhopper (Empoasca fabae Harris). Results from these replicated field tests showed significant differences (P ≤ 0.05) among advanced Georgia breeding lines and cultivars. Three Georgia cultivars ‘Georgia-01R’, ‘Georgia-05E’, and ‘Georgia-10T’ consistently produced among the best yields with high levels of resistance to TSW, white mold, leafhoppers, and leaf spot each year. Georgia-01R is a multiple-pest-resistant, runner-type cultivar with late maturity; whereas, Georgia-05E is a multiple-pest-resistant, virginia-type cultivar with medium-late maturity. Georgia-10T is a new runner-type cultivar with high level of TSWV and white mold resistance and late-maturity, similar to Georgia-01R, one of its parents. However, Georgia-10T does not appear to have the high level of leaf spot and leafhopper resistance as Georgia-01R, but it still had high yields in the absence of fungicides or insecticides.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Arachis hypogaea L, Groundnut; Tomato spotted wilt; White mould; Leafspot; Leafhopper
Author Affiliation: Department of Crop and Soil Sciences, University of Georgia, Coastal Plain Experiment Station, Tifton, GA 31793, USA
Subjects: Plant Protection
Divisions: Groundnut
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2013 08:46
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2013 08:46
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2013.05.005
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/11295

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