How does ‘Free, Prior and Informed Consent’ (FPIC) impact social equity? Lessons from mining and forestry and their implications for REDD+

Mahanty , S. and McDermott , C.L. (2013) How does ‘Free, Prior and Informed Consent’ (FPIC) impact social equity? Lessons from mining and forestry and their implications for REDD+. Land Use Policy, 35. pp. 406-416.

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The principle of “Free, Prior and Informed Consent” (FPIC) is promoted through international agreements and safeguards in order to strengthen social equity in resource management by requiring consent from indigenous and/or local communities prior to actions that affect their land and resource rights. Based on early experiences with implementing FPIC standards in mining and forestry, we examine how FPIC has impacted social equity and why. In both sectors FPIC was first operationalized through non-governmental standards that revealed ambiguities surrounding its definition and implementation. In mining, FPIC was first codified in the standards of financial investors, while in forestry FPIC emerged within competing market-based certification schemes, resulting in contrasting definitions. In both sectors, contextual factors such as government laws and policies, the socio-political environment and the overall distribution of rights and resources strongly shape the impacts of FPIC on equity particularly for actors without strong legal rights. These findings are significant for emerging arenas such as REDD+, where there is much debate around the role of governments, financial institutions and market-based actors in applying FPIC for social equity outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Initial work for this paper was undertaken with the project ‘Safe-guarding local equity as global values of ecosystem services rise’(NE/I00341X/1), funded with support from the Ecosystem Servicesfor Poverty Alleviation Programme (ESPA). The ESPA programme isfunded by the Department for International Development (DFID),the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the NaturalEnvironment Research Council (NERC), as part of the UK’s Liv-ing with Environmental Change Programme (LWEC).
Uncontrolled Keywords: Equity; Certification; Mining; Forest; Free, prior and informed consent; REDD+
Author Affiliation: Crawford School of Public Policy, College of Asia and the Pacific, HC Coombs Building, Fellows Road, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, 0200, Australia
Subjects: Social Sciences
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 23 Aug 2013 03:25
Last Modified: 23 Aug 2013 03:25
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