Ethno-veterinary control of bovine dermatophilosis and ticks in Zhombe, Njelele and Shamrock resettlement in Zimbabwe

Ndhlovu, D.N. and Masika, P.J. (2013) Ethno-veterinary control of bovine dermatophilosis and ticks in Zhombe, Njelele and Shamrock resettlement in Zimbabwe. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 45 (2). pp. 525-532.

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A structured questionnaire survey was conducted to determine the ethno-veterinary practices and other control methods used by smallholder farmers for the management of bovine dermatophilosis and ticks. A total of 153 farmers were interviewed from Njelele, Zhombe communal and Shamrock resettlement areas. Crop production contributed most to livelihoods (83.2 %) while livestock contributed 9.0 %. Over 90 % of the respondents had attended school up to primary level, with 11.4 % undergoing animal health and husbandry training. Treatment of livestock diseases was practised by 96 % of the farmers, and 49.7 % of these farmers used ethno-veterinary medicines. Across the study sites, dermatophilosis was controlled using the following plants: Cissus quadrangularis (59.7 %), Catunaregam spinosa (10.5 %), Pterocarpus angolensis (10.5 %), Kalanchoe lanceolata (5.3 %), Aloe chabaudii (3.5 %), Cassia abbreviata (1.8 %), Dichrostachys cinerea (1.8 %), Urginea sanguinea (1.8 %), Ximenia caffra (1.8 %) and a plant locally called umfanawembila (1.8 %). Carica papaya and two plants, locally called mugimbura and umdungudungu, were used for tick control, and these were reported once from Njelele communal. Other control methods, besides plants or conventional drugs, were used by 28 % of the farmers for the treatment of dermatophilosis and ticks. Some farmers (14.4 %) claimed that ethno-veterinary medicines performed better than conventional drugs. The study revealed that farmers used ethno-veterinary medical practices for the treatment of dermatophilosis but rarely for tick control.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The researchers are grateful for the financial assistance of the Govan Mbeki Research and Development Centre at the University of Fort Hare, the University of Zimbabwe for granting start-up funds for the project. Veterinary extension assistants and farmers in the study areas are also recognised and appreciated for participating in this study.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Indigenous knowledge, Medicinal plants, Practices, Demographics
Author Affiliation: Agricultural and Rural Development Research Institute (ARDRI), University of Fort Hare, Republic of South Africa
Subjects: Animal Husbandary > Veterinary Sciences
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Mr Arbind Seth
Date Deposited: 27 Aug 2013 06:29
Last Modified: 27 Aug 2013 06:29
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