Peanut Breeding and Genetic Resources

Holbrook, C.C. and Stalker, H.T. (2003) Peanut Breeding and Genetic Resources. Plant Breeding Reviews, 22. pp. 297-356.

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Peanut is widely used as an oilseed crop around the world and as a direct source of human food in the United States. Several species of peanut have been cultivated for their edible seeds, but only Arachis hypogaea L. has been domesticated and widely distributed. Production in the United States is completely mechanized, but in many other regions the seeds are planted and harvested by hand. In the United States, approximately 70 percent of the peanuts are runners (small-seeded types of var. hypogaea), 20 percent are virginias (large-seeded types of var. hypogaea), 10 percent are spanish (var. vulgaris), and less than 1 percent are valencia (var. fastigiata) market types (Knauft and Gorbet 1989). Peruvian and aequatoriana types are produced in only a few countries in Central and South America

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: U.S. Department of Agriculture‚ÄďARS,P.O. Box 748 Tifton, Georgia 31793
Subjects: Crop Improvement
Divisions: Groundnut
Depositing User: Mr B Krishnamurthy
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2013 06:24
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2013 06:24

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