Effect of Light Level on Dinitrogen Fixation and Carbohydrate Distribution in Virginia Peanuts

Farnham, M.W. and Gross, H.D. and Cappy, J.J. (1986) Effect of Light Level on Dinitrogen Fixation and Carbohydrate Distribution in Virginia Peanuts. Crop Science, 26 (2). pp. 311-316.

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The peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important grain legume world-wide, yet the N2 fixation capabilities of this crop have received minimal attention. An experiment was conducted to study the effects of radiant flux on peanut growth, N2 fixation, and the distribution of nonstructural carbohydrates among plant parts during vegetative and early-reproductive growth stages. Two Virginia-type cultivars, NC4 and NC6, were grown in controlled-environment chambers under average photon flux treatments of 230 and 650 µimol photon m−2 s−1. Plants grown under the higher irradiance accumulated three times more dry matter, fixed three times more N2, and had greater reproductive potential than plants under the low irradiance. The greater fixation in plants under high light was attributed to an increased effective nodule mass in those plants and not to a greater efficiency of nodules to fix N2. There were no significant cultivar differences for dry matter or N accumulation, although NC4 was always slightly higher than NC6. Concentrations of nonstructural carbohydrates in peanut tissues varied depending on the growth stage. The content of carbohydrates in root, stem, and leaf tissues was greater in high-light plants, compared with plants under low light. Within the high-light treatment, carbohydrate content was greatest in tissues of NC4 plants. Carbohydrate concentration in nodules was not significantly different between light treatments.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: SNNigam Collections
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dinitrogen Fixation, Carbohydrate Distribution, Virginia Peanuts
Author Affiliation: North Carolina Agric.Res. Serv., Raleigh
Subjects: Plant Protection
Plant Physiology and Biochemistry > Biochemistry
Divisions: Groundnut
Depositing User: Mr Arbind Seth
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2013 14:22
Last Modified: 02 Oct 2013 14:22
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1986.0011183X0026...
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/11898

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