Improving the use of modelling for projections of climate change impacts on crops and pastures

Soussana, Jean-Francxois and Graux, Anne-Isabelle and Tubiello, F.N. (2010) Improving the use of modelling for projections of climate change impacts on crops and pastures. Journal of Experimental Botany, 61 (8). pp. 2217-2228.

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Abstract

Projections of climate change impacts on global food supply are largely based on crop and pasture modelling. The consistency of these models with experimental data and their ability to simulate the effects of elevated CO2 and of increased climate variability has been debated. The effects of high temperatures, of increased climate variability and of several limiting factors which interact with elevated CO2 such as soil nutrients, pests and weeds are neither fully understood nor well implemented in leading models. Targeted model developments will be required based on experimental data concerning: (i) the role of extreme climatic events, (ii) the interactions between abiotic factors and elevated CO2, (iii) the genetic variability in plant CO2 and temperature responses, (iv) the interactions with biotic factors, and (v) the effects on harvest quality. To help make better use of the available knowledge, it is envisioned that future crop and pasture modelling studies will need to use a risk assessment approach by combining an ensemble of greenhouse gas emission (or stabilization) scenarios, of regional climate models and of crop and pasture models, as well as an ensemble of adaptation options concerning both management practices and species/varieties.

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: INRA, Grassland Ecosystem Research, 234, avenue du BreĀ“ zet, F-63100 Clermont-Ferrand, France
Subjects: Atmosperic Science > Climatology
Plant Production
Divisions: Other Crops
Depositing User: Sandhya Gir
Date Deposited: 02 Jan 2011 17:55
Last Modified: 02 Jan 2011 17:55
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/jxb/erq100
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/1198

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