A Study in Agricultural Backwardness under Semi-Feudalism

Bhaduri, A. (1973) A Study in Agricultural Backwardness under Semi-Feudalism. The Economic Journal, 83 (329). pp. 120-137.

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THIS paper attempts to analyse the influence exerted by production relations on the introduction of improved technology into agriculture. Since the argument is set in the specific context of some east Indian villages, it is hoped that such an analysis will help to provide at least part of the explanation for the prevailing backwardness of agriculture in this region. Nevertheless, as the argument is conducted in terms of a highly schematised and hence quite unrealistic model, it deserves to be emphasised that many of the central assumptions of the model are based on data and impressions collected by the present author from 26 villages in West Bengal during 1970. Consequently, the particular assumptions of this model may or may not hold for other regions of India or elsewhere. But the relationship between technology and production relations is of general relevance, notwithstanding the particular context of West Bengal villages. Indeed, this interaction between technology and production relations-in Marxian terminology the interaction between " the forces and the relations of production "-is central to the theory of historical materialism. And, from this point of view, the present study is an attempt to illustrate in a precise form and in a specific context this general idea of Marx. Needless to say, the precision is obtained only at the cost of considerable simplification of Marx's original idea as well as a stark schematisation of the prevailing production relations in agriculture in those east Indian villages.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Social Sciences
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 14 Oct 2013 06:16
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2013 06:16
Official URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2231104
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/11981

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