Leveraging agriculture to improve nutrition in the Philippines

Zamora, O.B. and de Guzman, L.E.P. and Saguiguit, S.L.C. and et al, . (2013) Leveraging agriculture to improve nutrition in the Philippines. Food Security. pp. 1-14.

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Abstract

The typical Filipino diet mainly consists of rice, fish and vegetables, with rice being the greatest source of calories. The consumption of a maize, starchy roots and tubers as rice substitutes or supplements, and vegetables and fruits has generally declined, while the consumption of fats, oils and meats has increased. Stunting is the most prevalent form of malnutrition among Filipinos. Vitamin A Deficiency, Iodine Deficiency Disorder, and Iron Deficiency Anemia remain public health problems for children and pregnant and lactating women. The link between nutrition and agriculture in the Philippines has focused on leveraging agriculture to improve nutrition. The programs that had been initiated by the government, NGO/CSO or private sector were conceptualized and implemented before the elements of a nutrition-sensitive agriculture framework were identified. These programs were implemented to address food production and the nutritional needs of individuals, families, and communities only with reference to nutrition security. Many of these programs have been successful as they implemented best practices that could be applied to forge a superior approach that optimizes the agriculture-nutrition nexus. This study identified these best practices or elements of success. The elements that have been noted as reasons for the success of some of these programs are: presence of strong political will and enabling policy environment; forging of new forms of partnerships, strategic collaboration, sound coordination and structures; exploiting the best that science and technology could offer; democratizing community participation; strong capacity building component and access to reliable technical expertise; knowledge and sensitivity to local cultures, beliefs and practices; professionalized promotion and ‘messaging’; use of catchy terms for easy recall; availability of sustainable funding; use of the life cycle approach in nutrition; holistic community nutrition perspective; practice and promotion of biodiversity-based agricultural production system; and control of the means of production.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Nutrition-sensitive agriculture, Nutrition security, Policy environment, Food production, Home gardens,
Author Affiliation: University of the Philippines Los Banos, College, Laguna, Philippines
Subjects: Postharvest Management
Social Sciences > Postharvest Management
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 28 Oct 2013 05:41
Last Modified: 28 Oct 2013 05:41
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12571-013-0306-4
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/12045

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