Regulatory options for genetically modified crops in India

Choudhary, B. and Gheysen, G. and Buysse, J. and et al, . (2014) Regulatory options for genetically modified crops in India. Plant Biotechnology Journal, 12 (2). pp. 135-146.

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to ICRISAT researchers only


The introduction of semi-dwarfing, high-yielding and nutrients-responsive crop varieties in the 1960s and 1970s alleviated the suffering of low crop yield, food shortages and epidemics of famine in India and other parts of the Asian continent. Two semi-dwarfing genes, Rht in wheat and Sd-1 in rice heralded the green revolution for which Dr. Norman Borlaug was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1970. In contrast, the revolutionary new genetics of crop improvement shamble over formidable obstacles of regulatory delays, political interferences and public misconceptions. India benefited immensely from the green revolution and is now grappling to deal with the nuances of GM crops. The development of GM mustard discontinued prematurely in 2001 and insect-resistant Bt cotton varieties were successfully approved for commercial cultivation in 2002 in an evolving nature of regulatory system. However, the moratorium on Bt brinjal by MOEF in 2010 meant a considerable detour from an objective, science-based, rigorous institutional process of regulatory approval to a more subjective, nonscience-driven, political decision-making process. This study examines what ails the regulatory system of GM crops in India and the steps that led to the regulatory logjam. Responding to the growing challenges and impediments of existing biosafety regulation, it suggests options that are critical for GM crops to take roots for a multiplier harvest

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Marc Van Montagu and Jan Leemans have guided and facilitated the academic work. Authors acknowledge the support extended by colleagues at the Institute of Plant Biotechnology Outreach, VIB and the Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Gent University, Ghent, Belgium.
Uncontrolled Keywords: : Green revolution, GM crops, Bt cotton, Bt brinjal, biosafety, regulation.
Author Affiliation: Department of Molecular Biotechnology, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Gent, Belgium
Subjects: Crop Improvement
Divisions: Other Crops
Depositing User: Mr Daneti Raju
Date Deposited: 09 Feb 2014 13:08
Last Modified: 09 Feb 2014 13:08
Official URL:

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item