The Genetic Basis for Constructing Selection Indexes

Hazel, L. N. (1943) The Genetic Basis for Constructing Selection Indexes. GENETICS, 28. pp. 476-490.

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TH E idea of a yardstick or selection index for measuring the net merit of breeding animals is probably almost as old as the art of animal breeding itself. In practice several or many traits influence an animal’s practical value, although they do so in varying degrees. The information regarding different traits may vary widely, some coming from an animal’s relatives and some from the animal’s own performance for traits which are expressed once or repeatedly during its lifetime. LUSH (1935) emphasized that permanent improvement from phenotypic selection is proportional to the additively genetic (heritable) fraction of the observed variance and that this varies for different traits. DOBZHANSK(1Y9 37)s uggested “that most, and possibly all, genes have manifold effects.” These factors make wise selection a complicated and uncertain procedure; in addition fluctuating, vague, and sometimes erroneous ideals often cause the improvement resulting from selection to be much less than could be achieved if these obstacles were overcome.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: Crop Improvement > Genetics/Genomics
Divisions: Other Crops
Depositing User: Govindaraj
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2010 11:00
Last Modified: 20 Oct 2010 04:01
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