Landmark research in legumes

Singh, R.J. and Chung, G.H. and Nelson, R.L. (2007) Landmark research in legumes. Genome, 50 (6). pp. 525-537.

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Legumes are members of the family Fabaceae or Leguminosae and include economically important grain legumes, oilseed crops, forage crops, shrubs, and tropical or subtropical trees. Legumes are a rich source of quality protein for humans and animals. They also enrich the soil by producing their own nitrogen in symbiosis with nitrogen-fixing bacteria. International centers and national institutes collect, maintain, distribute, and produce high-yielding legumes (grain-pulses, oilseeds, forages, nutraceuticals, medicinal shrubs, and trees). Legume breeders are confined within the primary gene pools (GP-1) in their varietal improvement programs and have not exploited secondary gene pools (GP-2), tertiary gene pools (GP-3), or quaternary gene pools (GP-4). Legumes are also an excellent source of timber, medicine, nutraceuticals, tannins, gums, insecticides, resins, varnish, paints, dyes, and eco-friendly by-products such as soy diesel. Three forage crops, Medicago truncatula, Lotus japonicus, and Trifolium pratense, are model legumes for phylogenetic studies and genome sequencing. This paper concludes that a “protein revolution” is needed to meet the protein demands of the world.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fabaceae, grain legumes, soybean, groundnut, pulse crops, forage legumes, protein revolution, gene pools, genome sequencing
Author Affiliation: Department of Crop Sciences, National Soybean Research Laboratory, University of Illinois, 1101 West Peabody Drive, Urbana, IL 61801, USA
Subjects: Crop Improvement > Genetics/Genomics
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Mr Daneti Raju
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2014 09:18
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2014 09:18
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