Management of anthracnose in common bean by foliar sprays of potassium silicate, sodium molybdate, and fungicide

Polanco, L.R. and Rodrigues, F.A. and Moreira, F.N. and et al, . (2014) Management of anthracnose in common bean by foliar sprays of potassium silicate, sodium molybdate, and fungicide. Plant Disease, 98 (1). pp. 84-89.

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Abstract

This study aimed to determine whether foliar sprays of potassium silicate (KSi), sodium molybdate (NaMo), or a combination of both (KSi + NaMo), with or without the fungicide azoxystrobin (Azox), could reduce anthracnose symptoms and, consequently increase yield. Two two-by-four factorial experiments, consisting of untreated or fungicide treated, as well as sprays of KSi, NaMo, KSi + NaMo, and no spray (control), were arranged in a randomized block design with three replications. Treatments were as follows: treatment 1, KSi spray; treatment 2, NaMo spray; treatment 3, KSi + NaMo spray; treatment 4, Azox spray; treatment 5, Azox + KSi spray; treatment 6, Azox + NaMo spray, treatment 7, Azox + KSi + NaMo spray; and treatment 8, control (no KSi, NaMo, or Azox). The KSi, NaMo, and Azox treatments were sprayed at the rates of 35 g/liter, 90 g/ha, and 120 g a.i./ha, respectively. The KSi was applied at 20, 27, 40, and 55 days after sowing (das). The NaMo was sprayed only at 27 das whereas the fungicide was sprayed at 27, 40, and 55 das. Plants were inoculated with Colletotrichum lindemuthianum at 23 das. Azox reduced the mean area under disease progress curve (AUDPC) by 63% and mean yield was increased by 150%. Similarly, the mean AUDPC was reduced by 29, 14, and 41% with KSi, NaMo, and KSi + NaMo sprays, respectively, while mean yield increased by 13, 20, and 47%, with KSi, NaMo, or KSi + NaMo sprays, respectively. The variables leaf area index (LAI), leaf area index duration (LAD), healthy leaf area duration (HAD), and radiation intercepted (RI) were not affected by KSi spray. The values for the variables LAI, healthy leaf area index (HLAI), LAD, HAD, RI, intercepted radiation of the healthy leaf area, and healthy leaf area absorption were significantly increased as a result of NaMo spray. The results of the present study support the novel possibility of using a foliar spray of KSi in association with NaMo to decrease anthracnose symptoms in bean plants and, consequently, achieve greater yield

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: Viçosa Federal University, Department of Plant Pathology, Laboratory of Host-Parasite Interaction, Viçosa, MG, 36570-000, Brazil
Subjects: Plant Protection
Divisions: Other Crops
Depositing User: Ms K Syamalamba
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2014 03:02
Last Modified: 26 Mar 2014 03:02
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1094/PDIS-03-13-0251-RE
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/12923

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