Organization and structure of national agricultural research systems in Anglophone Sub-Saharan Africa

Ajibola Taylor, T. (1991) Organization and structure of national agricultural research systems in Anglophone Sub-Saharan Africa. Working Paper. International Service for National Agricultural Research, The Hague, Netherlands.

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The origins of agricultural research in both anglophone and francophone developing Africa date back to the colonial era of the 19th century. The national research systems presently in place have organization, structure and management cultures which are partly a heritage of the colonial past blended with some modern orientation, exposure to other systems and, in some cases, reform, following independence in the 1960s. In anglophone Africa it can be said that only a few of the research systems are fully designed or have been redesigned deliberately to meet the needs and challenges of post-independence development. This is in contrast to the varied forms of "nationalization" in francophone countries that took place only 10-15 years after independence. In anglophone countries most systems have evolved with gradual changes and learning by trial and error. Institutional evolution has continued as these countries face the challenges of rapid agricultural growth to meet their population, economic and industrial needs and welfare. But the challenges and pressures, as well as developments in the contemporary world, dictate that these systems consciously evolve, develop and strengthen themselves to become more effective and efficient in contributing to the acceleration of agricultural growth and development. These seem to be the priorities of the governments and agencies that fund agricultural research and of the clients of research.

Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Anglophone, francophone, Population, Economic, Food security, RP6765
Author Affiliation: International Service for National Agricultural Research
Subjects: Plant Production
Social Sciences
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Ms Ishrath Durafsha
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2014 10:16
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2014 10:16

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