No-tillage Effects on Soil Properties under Different Crops in Western Nigeria

Lal, R. (1976) No-tillage Effects on Soil Properties under Different Crops in Western Nigeria. Soil Science Society of America Journal, 40 (5). pp. 762-768.

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Five years of no-tillage vs. the conventional method of tractor plowing significantly affected the physical and chemical properties of an Alfisol in western Nigeria. Continuous cropping of maize for 3 consecutive years was followed by 4 seasons of cultivation with cropping sequences of maize-maize (Zea mays L.), maize-cowpeas (Vigna unguiculata L. walp.), pigeon peas (Cajanus cajan Millsp.)-maize, soybeans-soybeans (Glycine max Merr.), maize-soybeans, and cowpeas-cowpeas. The no-tillage plots had higher organic matter contents in the surface soil horizons and higher concentrations of nitrate-nitrogen, Bray-1 available phosphorus, and ammonium acetate extractable cations such as Ca2+, Mg2+, and K+ than the plowed plots. The infiltration rates of no-tillage plots were higher than those of the plowed plots and, thus, runoff and erosion losses were minimal. Although maximum soil temperatures were higher in the plowed plots, the no-tillage plots had higher soil moisture contents throughout the growing seasons. Greater earthworm activity in the no-tillage plots reduced compaction and crust formation. Yields equal to those from the plowed plots were harvested from the no-tillage plots under suitable crop rotations

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: soil management, Minimum tillage, Soil temperature, Soil moisture, Infiltration, Erosion
Author Affiliation: Soil Physicist
Subjects: Plant Production
Social Sciences
Divisions: Maize
Depositing User: Ms Ishrath Durafsha
Date Deposited: 10 Aug 2015 06:07
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 06:07
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