Integrated use of organic, inorganic and bio fertilizers on yield and quality of two peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) cultivars grown in a sandy saline soil

Mahrous, N.M. and Safina, S.A. and Taleb, H. H. A., H.H.A. and El-Behlak, S.M.E. (2015) Integrated use of organic, inorganic and bio fertilizers on yield and quality of two peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) cultivars grown in a sandy saline soil. American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, 15 (6). pp. 1067-1074.

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Abstract

Peanut (groundnut) perform better in terms of yield and quality when good cultivars are sown under optimum nutrient management coupled with organic nutrient management. Groundnut being a leguminous crop, is capable of fixing atmospheric nitrogen. Thus, two peanut cultivars were evaluated in the Desert Experiment Station of the Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University in Wadi El-Natroon, El-Beheira Governorate, Egypt in 2011 and 2012 seasons. These two peanut cultivar were tested under eight fertilizer treatments (T1: 50% mineral fert.; the recommended NPK (40:30:48), T2: 50% mineral fert.; the recommended (40:30:48) + bio fertilizer, T3: 100% mineral fert.; the recommended NPK (40:30:48), T4: 100% mineral fert.; the recommended NPK (40:30:48) + bio fertilizer, T5: 50% mineral fert.; the recommended NPK (40:30:48) + 6 ton compost/fed + bio fertilizer, T6: 50% mineral fert.; the recommended NPK (40:30:48) + 9 ton compost/fed + bio fertilizer, T7: 50% mineral fert.; the recommended NPK (40:30:48) + 12 ton compost/fed + bio fertilizer and T8: 12 ton compost/fed.)in a split-plot design in a randomized complete blocks arrangement. The main plots were devoted to the peanut cultivars and sub-plots to the eight fertilizer treatments for the possibility of reducing mineral fertilization levels and replacing chemical fertilizers by using bio-organic fertilization, in addition to identifying the most suitable cultivar to a sandy soil under saline conditions. It was clear that Gregory cultivar showed the highest weight of pods/plant (49.2g), weight of seeds /plant (27.2 g), seed index (51.8 g), weight of seeds /fed(0.857 ton) [one feddan = 4200m2], seed oil (50.15 %), seed protein (24.7 %), seed P (0.41 %) and seed K (2.17 %). The highest values of pods number /plant (49.4), weight of pods/plant (58.9 g), seed index (57.5 g), weight of seeds/fed (1.193 ton), seed oil (53.05 %), seed protein (26.75 %), seed p (0.50 %) and seed k (2.63 %) were resulted from 1/2 NPK + 12 ton compost + Bio fertilizer with Gregory cultivar. Finally, the data indicated that growing peanut in such newly reclaimed soil under balanced nutrition is profitable

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: NPK Peanut Cultivar Compost Bio-fertilizer Yield Seed oil - Protein
Author Affiliation: Agronomy Department, Faculty of Agriculture, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt
Subjects: Plant Production
Divisions: Groundnut
Depositing User: Mr T L Gautham
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2015 10:21
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2015 10:21
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.5829/idosi.aejaes.2015.15.6.1...
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/13816

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