Crop diversification: For profitability, food and nutritional security

Tarai, R.K. and Das, T.K. and Mallik, L. and Jena, M. and Majhi, T. and etl, . (2015) Crop diversification: For profitability, food and nutritional security. International Journal of Scientific Research and Engineering Studies, 2 (10). pp. 41-43.

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Crop diversification helps in mitigating the adverse effects of seasonality on farm income and peak labour demands, reduce risk due to fluctuating monsoon patterns, help asset improvement on farms, conserve rain water and save irrigation water, reduce water logging and often result in better yield. In Kalahandi district of Odisha, diversification of agriculture can be accomplished through cash oriented farming. The landholding size of Kalahandi district of Odisha is larger than the average size of landholdings in Punjab and it receives more rain than Punjab and the cropped area in the district is the highest in Orissa (Mahapatra and Panda 2001). Village Boria of Kesing block in Kalahandi district of Odisha is situated at 30 km away from Bhawanipatna. Paddy is the only crop was grown during Kharif. During a diagnostic visit the scientist encouraged the farmers to go for low value to high value crops and from high water requiring crops to low water requiring crops. Along with Paddy in Kharif some pulses, oilseed, short duration fruits and vegetables can also be grown which has higher profitability and production potentiality that can play a big role in changing their livelihood besides providing nutritional security. Sri Indu Bhusan Swain, an innovative farmer of the locality after consulting with the KVK Scientists, was convinced to grow pigeon pea, cotton and banana along with Kharif paddy. Productivity of Arhar or Pigeon pea (var. Asha) recorded a higher yield of 30.4 % over local variety. From 1.0 ha banana cultivation he got a net return of Rs. 1,50,000/- with a B: C ratio of 2.5. From 0.4 ha in cotton he got gross return of Rs. 68,250 with a net profit of Rs. 27, 300/- and with a B: C ratio of 3.1.. Area under tissue culture banana and cotton also enhanced in Boria and nearby villages. Netincome of Sri, Swain is due to crop diversification from Rice, Arhar, Banana and Cotton Rs. 4, 27,300/- whereas from monocropping (only from rice) he could realize a net return of Rs.26,000/- only. Horizontal expansion of pigeon pea is remarkable. Area of Pigeon pea has been increased from 5 ha to 80 ha. Farmers are now much aware to produce the HYV of Pulses rather than local degenerated variety.

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: Programme Coordinator, KVK, Kalahandi
Subjects: Crop Improvement
Divisions: Other Crops
Depositing User: Mr T L Gautham
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2016 10:45
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2016 11:03

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