The art and science of innovation systems inquiry: Applications to Sub-Saharan African agriculture

Spielman, D.J. and Ekboir, J. and Davis, K. (2009) The art and science of innovation systems inquiry: Applications to Sub-Saharan African agriculture. Technology in Society, 31. pp. 399-405.

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Agricultural education, research, and extension can contribute substantially to reducing rural poverty in the developing world. However, evidence suggests that their contributions are falling short in Sub-Saharan Africa. The entry of new actors, technologies, and market forces, when combined with new economic and demographic pressures, suggests the need for more innovative and less linear approaches to promoting a technological transformation of smallholder agriculture. This paper explores methodologies that can help improve the study of agricultural innovation processes and their role in transforming agriculture. We examine methods that address three key issues: (a) how agents interact in the production, exchange, and use of knowledge and information; (b) how agents respond individually and collectively to technological, institutional, or organizational opportunities and constraints; and (c) how policy changes can enhance the welfare effects of these interactions and responses. Methods include social network analysis, innovation histories, cross-country comparisons, and game-theory modeling.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Africa, Agriculture, Game-theory modeling,Innovation systems, Methodology, Modeling, Poverty, Rural development, Social network analysis, Sub-Saharan Africa
Author Affiliation: International Food Policy Research Institute, PO Box 5689, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Subjects: Crop Improvement
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Mr T L Gautham
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2016 10:44
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2016 10:44

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