Predicting growth and development of pigeonpea: biomass accumulation and partitioning

Robertson, M.J. and Silim, S. and Chauhan, Y.S. and Ranganathan, R. (2001) Predicting growth and development of pigeonpea: biomass accumulation and partitioning. Field Crops Research, 70 (2). pp. 89-100.

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Examining physiological relationships that quantify the processes of interception of radiation and biomass accumulation and partitioning provide one avenue for understanding limits to pigeon pea productivity. The radiation extinction coefficient (k), radiation use efficiency (RUE), partitioning of biomass between leaf and stem before flowering, and the rate of linear increase in harvest index (HI) during pod-filling were determined for nine cultivars in water and nutrient non-limiting conditions at ICRISAT Centre, Patancheru, Andhra Pradesh, India. The nine cultivars comprised three each from the cultivar duration classes extra-short (100 days to maturity), short (115 days) and medium (170 days). Values of k and RUE were consistent across duration groups, with mean values of 0.53 and ca. 0.9 g MJ-1, respectively. RUE remained at its maximum value almost until maturity. Partitioning between leaf and stem prior to flowering was also consistent across groups, in the ratio of 1:1.03 to 1:1.14. The rate of linear increase in HI and final HI varied across groups, with lower rates of partitioning to grain and final HI in the later maturing groups. When adjusted for fallen leaf, the HI increase was ca. 0.08, 0.075 and 0.04 per day, and maximum HI was ca. 0.35, 0.32 and 0.19 for extra-short, short and medium-duration groups, respectively. The association of lower HI increase with indeterminate growth provides a convenient framework to simulate concurrent reproductive and vegetative growth during pod-filling.

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems, Agricultural Production Systems Research Unit, 120 Meiers Rd., Indooroopilly, Qld 4067, Australia
Subjects: Crop Improvement
Crop Improvement > Plant Breeding
Divisions: Pigeonpea
Depositing User: Mr B Krishnamurthy
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2011 23:11
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2011 23:11
Official URL:

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