Stover quality of dual-purpose sorghums: genetic and environmental sources of variation

Rattunde, H.F.W. and Zerbini, E. and Chandra, S. and Flower, D.J. (2001) Stover quality of dual-purpose sorghums: genetic and environmental sources of variation. Field Crops Research, 71 (1). pp. 1-8.

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Improvement of the nutritive value of dual-purpose sorghum (Sorghum bicolor) stover is an important objective for the semiarid tropics where sorghum crop residue is extensively used for livestock feed. To identify the relative importance of genetic and environmental sources of variation for nutritive value, leaves and stems of six diverse dual-purpose sorghum cultivars (M 35-1, Local Yellow, CSV 15, ICSV 735, ICSV 89057 and ICSV 700) were evaluated for in vitro gas production (Gas48hr), neutral detergent fibre (NDF), acid detergent fibre (ADF), lignin, nitrogen, and ash contents under two fertility and two plant density regimes in a field experiment during 2 years (1995 and 1996) in Andhra Pradesh, India. Substantial genotypic differences were observed for stem Gas48hr (25.7 to 33.0 ml in 200 g-1 dry matter (DM)) and NDF (564-687) content. Gas48hr and NDF content of stems exhibited more promise as selection criteria than those of leaves, as stems showed larger portion of variation attributed to genotypes, relatively less genotype by environment (GE) interactions, and were closely related to whole-plant values. Year, nitrogen fertilization and plant density showed very little influence of Gas48hr, NDF or ADF of leaves and stems. Gas48hr exhibited substantial GE interactions with all environmental factors, indicating the need for multi-environment testing to achieve progress

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics, BP 320, Bamako, Mali
Subjects: Crop Improvement
Crop Improvement > Genetics/Genomics
Divisions: Sorghum
Depositing User: Mr B Krishnamurthy
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2011 23:11
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2011 23:11
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