Climate change impacts on crop yield, crop water productivity and food security – A review

Kang, Y. and Khan, S. and Ma, X. (2009) Climate change impacts on crop yield, crop water productivity and food security – A review. Progress in Natural Science, 19. pp. 1665-1674.

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This paper provides a comprehensive review of literature related to the assessment of climate change impacts on crop productivity using climate, water and crop yield models. The existing studies present that climate change models with higher spatial resolution can be a way forward for future climate projections. Meanwhile, stochastic projections of more than one climate model are necessary for providing insights into model uncertainties as well as to develop risk management strategies. It is projected that water availability will increase in some parts of the world, which will have its own effect on water use efficiency and water allocation. Crop production can increase if irrigated areas are expanded or irrigation is intensified, but these may increase the rate of environmental degradation. Since climate change impacts on soil water balance will lead to changes of soil evaporation and plant transpiration, consequently, the crop growth period may shorten in the future impacting on water productivity. Crop yields affected by climate change are projected to be different in various areas, in some areas crop yields will increase, and for other areas it will decrease depending on the latitude of the area and irrigation application. Existing modelling results show that an increase in precipitation will increase crop yield, and what is more, crop yield is more sensitive to the precipitation than temperature. If water availability is reduced in the future, soils of high water holding capacity will be better to reduce the impact of drought while maintaining crop yield. With the temperature increasing and precipitation fluctuations, water availability and crop production are likely to decrease in the future. If the irrigated areas are expanded, the total crop production will increase; however, food and environmental quality may degrade.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Climate change impacts, Crop yield, Food security, Water productivity, Water use efficiency
Author Affiliation: Department of Water Resources and Architectural Engineering, Northwest A&F University, Yangling 712100, China
Subjects: Atmosperic Science > Climatology
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Mr B Krishnamurthy
Date Deposited: 10 Feb 2017 08:20
Last Modified: 10 Feb 2017 08:20
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