Soil Evaluation Methods for Calcium for Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Production in the Coastal Plain

Yang, R. and Howe, J.A. and Balkcom, K.B. (2017) Soil Evaluation Methods for Calcium for Peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) Production in the Coastal Plain. Peanut Science, 44 (1). pp. 1-12.

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Successful peanut production requires adequate Ca in the pegging zone. Soil testing for Ca based on pegging zone samples provides scientific basis for Ca supplementation for peanut, but concerns regarding inaccuracy of certain soil testing methods have been brought up by previous studies; therefore, reevaluation of routine soil testing methods for Ca on pegging zone samples is necessary. The objective of this study was to evaluate relationships and predictability of four major soil tests including Mehlich 1 (M1), Mehlich 3 (M3), 1 N neutral ammonium acetate (AA), and 0.01 M sodium nitrate (SN) for Ca, K, and Mg for peanut production in Coastal Plain soils common in the major peanut producing regions of the Southeast. Results showed that the four tests extracted varied amount of Ca, K, and Mg from soil. Soil treatments that included an addition of gypsum or lime reduced availability of soil K and Mg. Correlations were strong among soil K and Mg determined using M1 and M3, but the relationship was weak between M1 and SN. Application of gypsum shortly before soil sampling had minimal effect on correlations among the four tests; however, application of lime led to weaker correlations. In unamended or gypsum-treated soils, M1 is an adequate index of soil available Ca for peanut. The M1 test may overestimate soil available Ca if soil is recently limed; therefore, any of the other three soil tests may be used in such cases. The AA test for Ca had the best relationships to peanut yield, grade, and seed Ca concentration, followed by M1.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Calcium, Peanut, Arachis hypogaea, Potassium, Magnesium, Extraction methods
Author Affiliation: Graduate Research Assistant, Dept. Crop, Soil and Environmental Sciences, Auburn University, Auburn, AL 36849
Subjects: Soil Science and Microbiology
Divisions: Groundnut
Depositing User: Mr B Krishnamurthy
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2017 08:24
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2017 08:24
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