Evaluating Plant Population and Replant Method Effects on Peanut Planted in Twin Rows

Sarver, J.M. and Tubbs, R.S. and Beasley Jr, J.P. and et al, . (2017) Evaluating Plant Population and Replant Method Effects on Peanut Planted in Twin Rows. Peanut Science, 44 (1). pp. 19-25.

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Achieving and maintaining an adequate plant stand is a major priority when making planting and early season management decisions in peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.). Unpredictable and often extreme weather and high disease pressure in the southeastern United States can contribute to poor emergence and below-optimum plant stands. When plant stand is affected, replanting may be agronomically justified. This study was designed to determine i) the effect of plant stand on pod yield, market grade, and disease incidence in peanut seeded in a twin row pattern, (ii) if replanting is a viable option in a field with a below adequate stand and, iii) the best method for replanting peanut when an adequate stand is not achieved. Field trials were established at two locations in south Georgia in 2012 and 2013 to evaluate peanut production at four plant stands (7.4, 9.8, 12.3, and 14.8 plants/m [total plants/m across both units, or ‘twins' of the twin row pattern) and four replant methods (no replant, destroy the original stand and replant at a full seeding rate, add a reduced rate of seed to supplement the original stand with a single row between the original rows, and supplement with two additional rows with one between and the other next to the original rows). Replanting occurred when the stand had been established, an average of 24 days after initial planting. Pod yield at a stand of 12.3 plants/m was 6.6 and 5.8% greater than at a stand of 7.4 and 9.8 plants/m, respectively, with no benefit from increasing plant stand beyond 12.3 plants/m. Market grade was also maximized at 12.3 plants/m. Disease incidence was unaffected by plant stand. Yield was increased by supplementing an initial stand of 9.8 plants/m in both a single additional row and in two additional rows by 8.3 and 6.6%, respectively. A full replant of the original stand always resulted in lower yield, while grade was slightly increased in the full replant treatment. While an initial stand of 12.3 plants/m was needed in order to maintain yield potential, replanting via supplemental seed addition can recover lost yield at stands below this level.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Grade, Plant stand, Seed, Stem rot, Total sound mature kernels, Tomato spotted wilt virus, TSMK, White mold
Author Affiliation: Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS 39762
Subjects: Plant Production
Divisions: Groundnut
Depositing User: Mr B Krishnamurthy
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2017 08:25
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2017 08:25
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3146/PS16-14.1
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/14899

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