Silicon-Induced changes in viscoelastic properties of Sorghum root cell walls

Hattori, T. and Inanaga, S and Tanimoto, E. and Lux, A. and etc, . (2003) Silicon-Induced changes in viscoelastic properties of Sorghum root cell walls. Plant Cell Physiology, 44 (7). pp. 743-749.

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to ICRISAT researchers only

Request a copy


Silicon is deposited in the endodermal tissue in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) roots. Its deposition is thought to protect vascular tissues in the stele against invasion by parasites and drying soil via hardening of endodermal cells. We studied the silicon-induced changes in mechanical properties of cell walls to clarify the role of silicon in sorghum root. Sorghum seedlings were grown in nutrient solution with or without silicon. The mechanical properties of cell walls were measured in three separated root zones: basal, apical and subapical. Silicon treatment decreased cell-wall extensibility in the basal zone of isolated stele tissues covered by endodermal inner tangential walls. The silicon- induced hardening of cell walls was also measured with increases in elastic moduli (E) and viscosity coefficients. These results provided new evidence that silicon deposition might protect the stele as a mechanical barrier by hardening the cell walls of stele and endodermal tissues. In contrast to the basal zone, silicon treatment increased cell-wall extensibility in the apical and subapical zones with concomitant decrease in E and Simultaneously, silicon promoted root elongation. When root elongation is promoted by silicon, one of the causal factors maybe the silicon-enhanced extensibility of cell walls in the growing zone.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cell wall, Extensibility,Growth, Root, Silicon,Sorghum
Author Affiliation: Arid Land Research Center, Tottori University, 1390 Hamasaka, Tottori, 680-0001 Japan
Subjects: Crop Improvement
Divisions: Sorghum
Depositing User: Mr T L Gautham
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2017 08:33
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2017 08:33

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item