The distribution and spread of sorghum downy mildew in sorghum and maize fields in Nigeria and Zimbabwe

Bock, C.H. and Jeger, M.J. (2002) The distribution and spread of sorghum downy mildew in sorghum and maize fields in Nigeria and Zimbabwe. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 108 (8). pp. 745-753.

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Sorghum downy mildew (Peronosclerospora sorghi, SDM) is a damaging disease of sorghum and maize crops in Africa. Runs analysis was used to study the distribution of systemically infected sorghum and maize plants in Nigeria and Zimbabwe. The temporal and spatial development of local lesions of SDM on sorghum in Zimbabwe was investigated by assessing the local lesion symptoms caused by conidia in plots with a single point source of inoculum. With ordinary runs analysis, there was evidence of clustering of disease in some fields in the humid areas of Nigeria and the semi-arid areas of Nigeria and Zimbabwe. Clustering was found in two of the eight runs analyses performed on maize in the humid south of Nigeria, and in only one of the eight runs in Zimbabwe, which was interpreted as a predominance of random infection at the time of assessment and at the spatial scales assessed. Symptoms of local lesions of SDM developed rapidly across plots from an introduced point source of infection. After 9 days-exposure to the source of inoculum, the incidence of diseased leaves was 1.2%, and after 50 days it was 74.5%. A disease gradient which initially developed flattened as the plot became uniformly diseased. The predominant wind direction was NNE, and most rapid spread of disease was towards the SSW and WSW. In conclusion, local lesions can spread rapidly in sorghum crops, suggesting that they may be an important source of conidial inoculum for further local and systemic infections during the growing season.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Peronosclerospora sorghi, epidemiology, disease gradient, downy mildew
Author Affiliation: Natural Resources Institute, Central Avenue, Chatham Maritime, Kent ME4 4TB, UK
Subjects: Plant Production
Divisions: Sorghum
Depositing User: Mr T L Gautham
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2017 04:13
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2017 04:13

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