Recent trends in global production and utilization of bio-ethanol fuel

Balat, M. and Balat, H. (2009) Recent trends in global production and utilization of bio-ethanol fuel. Applied Energy, 86. pp. 2273-2282.

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Bio-fuels are important because they replace petroleum fuels. A number of environmental and economic benefits are claimed for bio-fuels. Bio-ethanol is by far the most widely used bio-fuel for transportation worldwide. Production of bio-ethanol from biomass is one way to reduce both consumption of crude oil and environmental pollution. Using bio-ethanol blended gasoline fuel for automobiles can significantly reduce petroleum use and exhaust greenhouse gas emission. Bio-ethanol can be produced from different kinds of raw materials. These raw materials are classified into three categories of agricultural raw materials: simple sugars, starch and lignocellulose. Bio-ethanol from sugar cane, produced under the proper conditions, is essentially a clean fuel and has several clear advantages over petroleum-derived gasoline in reducing greenhouse gas emissions and improving air quality in metropolitan areas. Conversion technologies for producing bio-ethanol from cellulosic biomass resources such as forest materials, agricultural residues and urban wastes are under development and have not yet been demonstrated commercially.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Biomass,Bio-ethanol,Fuel properties, Production Bioconversion Policy Economy
Author Affiliation: Sila Science and Energy Unlimited Company, Mekan Sok, No 24, Trabzon, Turkey
Subjects: Plant Production
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Mr T L Gautham
Date Deposited: 08 May 2018 06:07
Last Modified: 08 May 2018 06:07

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