Effect of sowing time and planting geometry on growth and yield of pigeonpea in northern dry zone (Zone 3) of Karnataka

Kittur, C.N. and Guggari, A.K. (2017) Effect of sowing time and planting geometry on growth and yield of pigeonpea in northern dry zone (Zone 3) of Karnataka. Journal of Farm Sciences, 30 (3). pp. 334-337.

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Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at College of Agriculture, Vijayapura, to study the effect of sowing time and planting geometry on growth and yield of pigeonpea in Northern Dry Zone (Zone 3) of Karnataka during 2015-16. There were 16 treatments consisting of combinations of four sowing times viz., June II fortnight, July I fortnight, July II fortnight and August I fortnight and four planting geometries viz., 90 cm x 20 cm, 120 cm x 20 cm, 150 cm x 20 cm and 180 cm x 20 cm. The experiment was laid out in split-plot design and replicated thrice. The experimental results revealed that, the growth and yield of pigeon pea were significantly influenced by sowing time. Pigeonpea sown during June II fortnight recorded significantly higher grain yield (1311 kg ha-1) compared to pigeonpea sown during July I fortnight (1151 kg ha-1), July II fortnight (212 kg ha-1) and August I fortnight (264 kg ha-1). Similarly, different planting geometries influenced the grain yield of pigeonpea significantly. Pigeonpea sown at planting geometry of 90 cm x 20 cm produced significantly higher grain yield of 859 kg ha-1 as compared to other planting geometries, but it was on par with 120 cm x 20 cm (777 kg ha-1) planting geometry. Interactions of sowing time and planting geometries influenced both the grain yield and economics of pigeonpea. Pigeonpea sown during June II fortnight with planting geometry of 90 cm x 20 cm recorded significantly higher grain yield (1537 kg ha-1), net returns (` 1,15,664 ha-1) and benefit cost ratio (6.10) over other interactions, but it was on par with crop sown during same period with 120 cm x 20 cm planting geometry (1400 kg ha-1, ` 1,03,304 ha-1 and 5.56, respectively).

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Planting geometry, Pigeonpea, Sowing time, Yield
Author Affiliation: Department of Agronomy, College of Agriculture, Vijaypur University of Agricultural Sciences, Dharwad - 580 005, Karnataka, India
Subjects: Plant Production
Divisions: Pigeonpea
Depositing User: Mr T L Gautham
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2018 03:10
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2018 03:10
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/15676

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