Evaluation of 99 s1 lines of maize for inbreeding depression

Ahmad, Mehboob and Khan, Saleem and Ahmad, Farhad and Shah, Nazeer Hussain and Akhtar, Naveed (2010) Evaluation of 99 s1 lines of maize for inbreeding depression. Pakistan Jounal of Agricultural Science, 47 (3). pp. 209-213.

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The research was conducted to evaluate the performance of S1 lines for inbreeding depression regarding different parameters, using maize variety Azam. The maize variety was self-pollinated for one generation in spring season and in the next sowing season 99 S1 lines obtained from selfing was sown with a parental line. Days to silking, pollen-shedding, plant height , ear-height, ear-length, ear-diameter, number of ears/row, kernel rows/ear and 100 kernel weight showed inbreeding depression with varying degrees while yield kg/ha showed severe inbreeding depression with an average of 362.08 kg/ha. Average value of inbreeding depression for days to silking and pollen-shedding was calculated as 2.02 and 2.21 days, respectively. Average values of inbreeding depression for plant height and ear-height were recorded as 21.50 cm and 4.87 cm, respectively. While, for earlength, ear-diameter, number of ears/row, kernel rows/ear and 100 grain weight, the average value of inbreeding depression was recorded as 1.80 cm, 0.2 cm, 2.5, 2.11 and 3.89 g, respectively. Grain yield was positively and significantly correlated with plant height, ear height and yield components. Maturity traits were positively and significantly linked with each other. It is concluded that by subjecting the maize to self-pollination nearly all the lines were affected; however, some lines were affected severely and others tolerated inbreeding to some extent. The lines showing tolerance against inbreeding depression was selected for further maize breeding.

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: KPK Agricultural University Peshawar, Pakistan
Subjects: Crop Improvement
Crop Improvement > Plant Breeding
Divisions: Maize
Depositing User: Mr T L Gautham
Date Deposited: 16 Mar 2011 16:13
Last Modified: 16 Mar 2011 16:13
Official URL: http://pakjas.com.pk/upload/27937.pdf
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/1629

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