Insect pests of pigeonpea and their management

Shanower, T.G. and Romeis, J. and Minja, E.M. (1999) Insect pests of pigeonpea and their management. Annual Review of Entomology, 44. pp. 77-96.

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Abstract

Pigeonpea (Cajanus cajan) is an important crop in semi-arid tropical and subtropical farming systems, providing high quality vegetable protein, animal feed, and firewood. Insect pests feeding on flowers, pods, and seeds are the most important biotic constraint affecting pigeonpea yields. This review summarizes the biology and ecology of the three most important groups of pests: flower- and pod-feeding Lepidoptera, pod-sucking Hemiptera, and seed-feeding Diptera and Hymenoptera. Recent research investigating the complex interactions among pigeonpea, its key pests, and their natural enemies is also reviewed. These relationships have implications on the pest status of individual species and on possible control strategies. Pigeonpea pest management research has focused until recentlynon the identification and development of resistant cultivars and on chemical control. Future research must focus on environmentally sound pest management strategies that are compatible with the needs and limitations of pigeonpea farmers.Several priority areas for research are suggested

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru, 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India
Subjects: Plant Protection > Pesticides
Plant Protection > Pests
Crop Improvement
Divisions: Pigeonpea
Depositing User: Mr B Krishnamurthy
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2011 05:18
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2011 05:18
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ento.44.1.77
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/1810

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