Organic livestock production in Uganda: potentials, challenges and prospects

Nalubwama, S.M. and Mugisha, A. and Vaarst, M. (2011) Organic livestock production in Uganda: potentials, challenges and prospects. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 43 (4). pp. 749-757.

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    Abstract

    Development in organic farming has been stimulated by farmers and consumers becoming interested in healthy food products and sustainable environment. Organic agriculture is a holistic production management system which is based on the principles of health, ecology, care, and fairness. Organic development in Uganda has focused more on the crop sector than livestock sector and has primarily involved the private sector, like organic products export companies and non-governmental organizations. Agriculture in Uganda and many African countries is predominantly traditional, less mechanized, and is usually associated with minimum use of chemical fertilizers, pesticides, and drugs. This low external input agriculture also referred to as “organic by default” can create basis for organic farming where agroecological methods are introduced and present an alternative in terms of intensification to the current low-input/low-output systems. Traditional farming should not be confused with organic farming because in some cases, the existing traditional practices have consequences like overstocking and less attention to soil improvement as well as to animal health and welfare, which is contrary to organic principles of ecology, fairness, health, and care. Challenges of implementing sustainable organic practices in the Ugandan livestock sector threaten its future development, such as vectors and vector-borne diseases, organic feed insufficiency, limited education, research, and support to organic livestock production. The prospects of organic livestock development in Uganda can be enhanced with more scientific research in organic livestock production under local conditions and strengthening institutional support

    Item Type: Article
    Uncontrolled Keywords: Organic agriculture – Organic livestock production – Uganda
    Author Affiliation: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Makerere University, P.O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda
    Subjects: Animal Husbandary > Live Stock
    Animal Husbandary > Veterinary Sciences
    Divisions: General
    Depositing User: Ms K Syamalamba
    Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2011 05:35
    Last Modified: 04 Aug 2011 05:35
    Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11250-011-9780-x
    URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/2533

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