Effect of salinity on growth and yield of desi and kabuli chickpea cultivars

Sohrabi, Y. and Heidari, G. and Esmailpoor, B. (2008) Effect of salinity on growth and yield of desi and kabuli chickpea cultivars. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 11 (4). pp. 664-667.

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To evaluate the effects of different level of Na salinity (0, 3, 6 and 9 dS m(-1)) on growth, yield and yield component of Kabuli (Hashem and Jam) and Desi (Kaka and Pirooz) chickpea cultivars a factorial experiment based on randomized complete block design with four replications was carried out in Research Greenhouse of Mokrian Agricultural Extension Center near Mahabad, Iran at 2006. Seeds of four chickpea cultivars were grown under 0, 3, 6 and 9 dS m(-1) levels of salinity until maturity. Salinity reduced the plant growth, flower, pod and seed number and seed weight. As increase in salinity, the undesirable effect of Na+ was more pronounced and reached the highest value at 9 dS m(-1) in all cultivars. Four chickpea cultivar have different responses to salinity and the Kabuli cultivars seemed to have a greater capacity for salt tolerance compared to Desi cultivars. Hahshem cultivar has the highest salinity tolerance among all cultivars.

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: Department of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kurdistan, Sanandaj, Iran
Subjects: Crop Improvement > Plant Breeding
Divisions: Chickpea
Depositing User: Sandhya Gir
Date Deposited: 12 Sep 2011 10:52
Last Modified: 12 Sep 2011 10:52
Official URL: http://scialert.net/qredirect.php?doi=pjbs.2008.66...
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/2643

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