Breeding Crop varieties for low input agriculture

Atlin, G.N. and Frey, K.J. (1989) Breeding Crop varieties for low input agriculture. American Journal of Alternative Agriculture, 4 (2). pp. 53-58.

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Few plant breeding programs involve attempts to develop varieties specifically adapted to low-input cropping systems. Plant breeders generally select varieties in highly fertile, weed-free, densely seeded environments. However, alleles needed for achieving maximum yield in low-input environments often differ from those required in highinput conditions. Thus, when effective selection can be undertaken under low-input conditions, breeding programs specifically targeted at low-input environments should produce the best varieties for those environments. Experimental protocols for identifying such situations are described in this review. These involve (a) testing breeding lines under low- and high-input conditions, (b) estimating both the degree to which yields from the two types of environment are controlled by the same alleles and the relative accuracy with which superior genotypes can be identified in low- and high-input environments, and (c) predicting the direct and indirect responses to selection at each input level. On the basis of published data, it seems feasible to develop corn hybrids specifically adapted to production with lower rates of N application than are now commonly used in the United States.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: stress environments; genotype x environment interaction; corn breeding; nitrogen use; specific adaptation
Author Affiliation: Assistant Professor, Department of Plant Science, Nova Scotia Agricultural College, P.O. Box 550, Truro, N.S., Canada B2N 5E3
Subjects: Crop Improvement > Plant Breeding
Divisions: Other Crops
Depositing User: Sandhya Gir
Date Deposited: 28 Sep 2011 03:21
Last Modified: 28 Sep 2011 03:21
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