Visible and Near Infrared Spectroscopy in Soil Science

Stenberg, Bo and Rossel, R.A.V. and Mouazen, A.M. and Wetterlind, J. (2010) Visible and Near Infrared Spectroscopy in Soil Science. Advances in Agronomy, 107. pp. 163-215.

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This chapter provides a review on the state of soil visible–near infrared (vis–NIR) spectroscopy. Our intention is for the review to serve as a source of up-to-date information on the past and current role of vis–NIR spectroscopy in soil science. It should also provide critical discussion on issues surrounding the use of vis–NIR for soil analysis and on future directions. To this end, we describe the fundamentals of visible and infrared diffuse reflectance spectroscopy and spectroscopic multivariate calibrations. A review of the past and current role of vis–NIR spectroscopy in soil analysis is provided, focusing on important soil attributes such as soil organic matter (SOM), minerals, texture, nutrients, water, pH, and heavy metals. We then discuss the performance and generalization capacity of vis–NIR calibrations, with particular attention on sample pretratments, covariations in data sets, and mathematical data preprocessing. Field analyses and strategies for the practical use of vis–NIR are considered. We conclude that the technique is useful to measure soil water and mineral composition and to derive robust calibrations for SOM and clay content. Many studies show that we also can predict properties such as pH and nutrients, although their robustness may be questioned. For future work we recommend that research should focus on: (i) moving forward with more theoretical calibrations, (ii) better understanding of the complexity of soil and the physical basis for soil reflection, and (iii) applications and the use of spectra for soil mapping and monitoring, and for making inferences about soils quality, fertility and function. To do this, research in soil spectroscopy needs to be more collaborative and strategic. The development of the Global Soil Spectral Library might be a step in the right direction

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: Department of Soil and Environment, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Skara, Sweden
Subjects: Social Sciences
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Ms K Syamalamba
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2011 08:26
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2011 08:26
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