Effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations on soil microorganisms

Freeman , C. and Kim, S.Y. and Lee, S.H. and Kang, H. (2009) Effects of elevated atmospheric CO2 concentrations on soil microorganisms. Journal of microbiology, 42 (4). pp. 267-277.

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Effects of elevated CO(2) on soil microorganisms are known to be mediated by various interactions with plants, for which such effects are relatively poorly documented. In this review, we summarize and synthesize results from studies assessing impacts of elevated CO(2) on soil ecosystems, focusing primarily on plants and a variety the of microbial processes. The processes considered include changes in microbial biomass of C and N, microbial number, respiration rates, organic matter decomposition, soil enzyme activities, microbial community composition, and functional groups of bacteria mediating trace gas emission such as methane and nitrous oxide. Elevated CO(2) in atmosphere may enhance certain microbial processes such as CH(4) emission from wetlands due to enhanced carbon supply from plants. However, responses of extracellular enzyme activities and microbial community structure are still controversy, because interferences with other factors such as the types of plants, nutrient availabilitial in soil, soil types, analysis methods, and types of CO(2) fumigation systems are not fully understood

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: elevated CO2, microbial process, trace gas emission, soil enzyme activity, microbial community structure
Author Affiliation: School of Biological Sciences, University of Wales, Bangor LL57 2UW, UK
Subjects: Social Sciences
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Ms K Syamalamba
Date Deposited: 11 Nov 2011 06:00
Last Modified: 11 Nov 2011 06:00
Official URL: http://ww.aebrc.org/korean/files/effects_of_elevat...
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/2760

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