Using Predictions Based on Geostatistics to Monitor Trends in Aspergillus flavus Strain Composition

Orum , T.V. and Bigelow, D.M. and Cotty , P.J. and et al, . (1999) Using Predictions Based on Geostatistics to Monitor Trends in Aspergillus flavus Strain Composition. Phytopathology, 89 (9). pp. 761-769.

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Aspergillus flavus is a soil-inhabiting fungus that frequently produces aflatoxins, potent carcinogens, in cottonseed and other seed crops. A. flavus S strain isolates, characterized on the basis of sclerotial morphology, are highly toxigenic. Spatial and temporal characteristics of the percentage of the A. flavus isolates that are S strain (S strain incidence) were used to predict patterns across areas of more than 30 km2. Spatial autocorrelation in S strain incidence in Yuma County, AZ, was shown to extend beyond field boundaries to adjacent fields. Variograms revealed both short-range (2 to 6 km) and long-range (20 to 30 km) spatial structure in S strain incidence. S strain incidence at 36 locations sampled in July 1997 was predicted with a high correlation between expected and observed values (R = 0.85, P = 0.0001) by kriging data from July 1995 and July 1996. S strain incidence at locations sampled in October 1997 and March 1998 was markedly less than predicted by kriging data from the same months in prior years. Temporal analysis of four locations repeatedly sampled from April 1995 through July 1998 also indicated a major reduction in S strain incidence in the Texas Hill area after July 1997. Surface maps generated by kriging point data indicated a similarity in the spatial pattern of S strain incidence among all sampling dates despite temporal changes in the overall S strain incidence. Geostatistics provided useful descriptions of variability in S strain incidence over space and time

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cotton, geographic information systems, GIS
Author Affiliation: Department of Plant Pathology, University of Arizona, Tucson 85721
Subjects: Plant Protection
Divisions: Other Crops
Depositing User: Ms K Syamalamba
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2011 05:22
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2011 05:22
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