Formation of a Seed Germination Promoter from Carbohydrates and Amino Acids

Light, M. E. and Burger, B. V. and Staden, J. V. (2005) Formation of a Seed Germination Promoter from Carbohydrates and Amino Acids. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry, 53. pp. 5936-5942.

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to ICRISAT researchers only


The ability of plant-derived smoke to act as a germination cue in many species has led to widespread interest in this aspect of seed biology. Recently, 3-methyl-2H-furo[2,3-c]pyran-2-one was identified as the main germination cue from smoke. Here, we report on the formation of this compound from reactions of sugars with amino acids. Heating proteins or amino acids with sugars at 180 °C for 30 min produces water soluble extracts that promote germination. High-performance liquid chromatography indicated that the active compound(s) derived from these reactions coeluted with the active fraction from a smoke solution. Gas chromatography−mass spectroscopy showed that the active constituent is identical to the germination cue from plant-derived smoke. The results presented in this paper provide evidence for the formation of the major germination cue found in smoke from ubiquitously occurring organic compounds.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Amino acid; aminocarbonyl; carbohydrate; Maillard reaction; plant-derived smoke; seed germination; sugar
Author Affiliation: University of KwaZulu-Natal Pietermaritzburg(South Africa)
Subjects: Environmental Science
Divisions: Other Crops
Depositing User: Mr Siva Shankar
Date Deposited: 28 Dec 2011 07:35
Last Modified: 28 Dec 2011 07:35
Official URL:

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item