Effects of Striga hermonthica on yield components in maize

Adetimirin, V.O. and Aken'ova, M.E. and Kim, S.K. (2000) Effects of Striga hermonthica on yield components in maize. Journal of Agricultural Science, 135 (2). pp. 185-191.

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A split plot experiment was conducted in 1992 and 1993 at Mokwa in the southern Guinea savanna zone of Nigeria to determine the responses of maize yield components to infestation by the parasitic weed Striga hermonthica and identify the most important yield components under Striga parasitism. Infestation treatments (infested versus uninfested) and hybrids [9022-13 (highly tolerant), 8644-31 (moderately tolerant), 8321-21 (moderately susceptible) and 8338-1 (highly susceptible)] were the main and subplots, respectively. Striga significantly reduced grain yield and all yield components considered. Pre-flowering stress due to Striga parasitism was higher than post-flowering stress and resulted in a higher reduction for ears per plant (44%) than reductions for other yield components (12-29%). The numbers of yield components for which the hybrids exhibited the highest percentage reduction increased with the degree of susceptibility to Striga. Thus, 8338-1, the highly susceptible hybrid, suffered more severe reductions in a larger number of yield components than the other hybrids. Number of ears per plant was a major yield component and accounted for an overwhelming proportion (R²=0.95) of the variation in grain yield under Striga. Reductions in maize grain yield and its components were more severe under the moisture stress that occurred in 1992.

Item Type: Article
Author Affiliation: Department of Agronomy, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Subjects: Plant Production
Divisions: Maize
Depositing User: Sandhya Gir
Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2010 04:43
Last Modified: 15 Oct 2010 04:43
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0021859699008217
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/31

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