The visibility of women’s work for poverty reduction: implications from non-crop agricultural income-generating programs in Bangladesh

Makita, M (2009) The visibility of women’s work for poverty reduction: implications from non-crop agricultural income-generating programs in Bangladesh. Agriculture and Human Values, 26 (4). pp. 379-390.

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This article explores mechanisms for making poor rural women’s work visible by drawing on Amartya Sen’s intra-family “cooperative conflict” theory to explain the workings of two Bangladesh non-governmental organization’s income-generating programs (rearing poultry and rearing silkworms). On the assumption that cooperation surpasses conflict in the intra-family relations when women’s work is visible, the article identifies factors that influence intra-family conflict and cooperation. At entry, cooperation in a family depends on how successfully the family can make women’s income-generating activities compatible with their existing household responsibilities and with continuation of the male breadwinner’s income source. In women’s continuing work, the level of cooperation depends greatly on the amount and frequency of women’s income and the family’s level of indebtedness. Families with a male breadwinner having a regular income source tended to offer a more cooperative environment to women’s work than those with a breadwinner involved in casual labor. Women’s work as a second regular income source can make their work more visible and contribute to their families’ upward mobility

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: I would like to thank Aminul Faraizi, Jevon Harding, two anonymous reviewers, and Harvey James for helpful comments on earlier drafts; and the Centre for Asia Pacific Social Transformation Studies at the University of Wollongong for a postdoctoral fellowship which enabled me to write this article. The original fieldwork for this article was financially supported by the Australian National University, for which I am grateful to the staff of ANU. I also appreciate University Press Limited (Dhaka, Bangladesh) for permitting me to use some data from my book for this analysis from a new perspective
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bangladesh - Cooperative conflict - Intra-family relations - Non-governmental organization - Poultry - Rural poverty - Sericulture - Women’s work
Author Affiliation: Integrated Research System for Sustainability Science, University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-8654, Japan
Subjects: Social Sciences > Marketing
Social Sciences > Agricultural Economics
Social Sciences > Agricultural Extension,Technology, ICT
Social Sciences > Management
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Mr. SanatKumar Behera
Date Deposited: 29 Feb 2012 10:53
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 10:54
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