Women's employment in Bangladesh agriculture: composition, determinants and scope

Rahman, S. (2000) Women's employment in Bangladesh agriculture: composition, determinants and scope. Journal of Rural Studies, 16 (4). pp. 497-507.

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Gender composition of labour use and factors determining demand and supply of female labour in crop production is examined using survey data from 14 villages in two agro-ecological regions of Bangladesh. The share of women in labour use ranges between 11–18% in foodgrain (rice and wheat) and 14–48% in non-cereal (highest for vegetables) production. Incidence of female labour hire is very low and varies directly with land size classes while supply from family varies inversely. Cultivation of diverse crops (local and modern varieties of rice, jute, oilseeds and vegetables), education as well as women's ownership of land increases demand for hired female labour. On the other hand, membership in non-governmental organisation and women's ownership of land decreases supply of female labour from the family. Also, sharp regional variation exists in hiring female labour. A decentralised crop diversification policy, gender sensitive educational program as well as institutional arrangement to increase women's access to land would promote women's gainful employment

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: The present paper is developed from the author's Ph.D. dissertation which was completed at the Asian Institute of Technology (AIT), Bangkok in 1998. An earlier version of the paper is presented at the Regional Conference on Gender and Technology in Asia held at AIT during 4–7 August 1998. The author is grateful to Jenifer Piesse and two anonymous referees for comments. The usual caveats remains with the author
Author Affiliation: Department of Agricultural and Food Economics, University of Reading, Reading, England, UK
Subjects: Social Sciences
Divisions: General
Depositing User: Mr. SanatKumar Behera
Date Deposited: 29 Feb 2012 12:59
Last Modified: 29 Feb 2012 13:00
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0743-0167(00)00006-1
URI: http://eprints.icrisat.ac.in/id/eprint/3347

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